Melanom Untersuchung Gesundheitskompass CONCORDIA


Do you have any questions? We are pleased to advise you:
+41 41 228 09 94

Melanoma is very aggressive compared to other forms of skin cancer and can spread (metastasise) to other parts of the body such as the lungs, the liver, the brain and the bones. Around 2,700 cases of melanoma are diagnosed in Switzerland every year. They can develop from existing moles or appear as new lesions.

Melanoma develops over several months or years. If it is diagnosed at an early stage, the chances of a cure are very good, with survival rates at around 90%.

How to recognise melanoma

In the early stages, this type of skin cancer causes no specific symptoms. For that reason, regular monitoring of the skin is very important. More advanced disease can cause itching, bleeding or redness around the mole.

  • It is important to perform regular self-checks of your moles using the ABCD rule:
    A = asymmetry
    B = border 
    C = colour (multiple colours, especially if they are distributed asymmetrically)
    D = diameter (> 5 mm)

    Show any areas of skin that are changing or anything that looks unusual to your doctor. Not sure whether to consult your doctor? The experts at concordiaMed will be happy to advise you.

  • If you have any risk factors, skin cancer screening in the form of a full body examination by a dermatologist is recommended (every one to two years from the age of 35).

Which factors increase the risk of developing melanoma?

  • More than 50 to 100 moles on your body

  • Family history of melanoma among first-degree relatives (parents and their children)

  • Light skin type

  • Frequent sunburn, especially in your childhood and youth

  • Previous history of skin cancer

  • Weakened immune system

And here’s how to reduce your risk of skin cancer:

  • Protection against UV radiation: use sun screen and wear a head covering, sun glasses and opaque clothing. It is also important to avoid direct exposure to the sun.

  • Avoid solariums.

Your guides:

Personal consultation:

Are you unsure whether you should consult a doctor?

Online consultation with a dermatologist

(non-insured benefit)

Further information:

ABCD rule (only in German, French and Italian available)
If you are diagnosed with melanoma, you should start treatment as soon as possible. Treatment differs from individual to individual depending on the stage of the disease. The objective is always to remove the entire melanoma surgically. Afterwards, additional supporting therapies are given depending on the extent of the disease.


Surgery is the most important and effective treatment method for melanoma. During this procedure, the cancerous tissue is removed.

Medication-based treatment

Medication-based treatment is given primarily to patients whose melanoma has already metastasised. However, it may also be recommended in order to prevent a relapse. 


Radiotherapy is a local form of treatment. It is used for melanoma:
  • If it cannot be removed surgically

  • If it was not possible to remove the melanoma with a sufficient safety margin

  • To treat affected lymph nodes or metastases

  • To alleviate symptoms of bone metastases or nerve compression

  • In combination with immunotherapy or chemotherapy

  • As a palliative treatment method

Depending on the stage of the disease and the location of the melanoma, the operation and treatment may have to be carried out by an interdisciplinary team of specialists. In such cases, we recommend treatment at an oncological centre.

Personal consultation:
+41 41 228 09 94


Further information:

Information about melanoma (only in German, French and Italian available)

Regular follow-up examinations from your doctor will be required at varying intervals. These make it possible to detect relapses as early as possible and record after-effects of the illness and the treatment.

The time interval depends, among other things, on the type of melanoma, the stage of the disease, the treatments you have had to date and your current state of health.

It is very important to continue taking preventive measures. For that reason, you should protect yourself against UV radiation at all times and check your skin regularly in accordance with the ABCD rule.

Want to find out more? You can find further information on the topic of melanoma on the website of the Swiss Cancer League. If you would like personalised advice, please contact the cancer hotline Krebstelefon or the CONCORDIA Health Compass.



Further information:

Counselling and support services
(only in German, French and Italian available)

ABCD rule (only in GermanFrench and Italian available)


Relaxation exercises via audio files
Only available in German

Personal consultation:

Are you unsure whether you should consult a doctor?

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